# Stream processing¶

#include <libcork/ds.h>


## Stream producers¶

A producer of binary data should take in a pointer to a cork_stream_consumer instance. Any data that is produced by the stream is then sent into the consumer instance for processing. Once the stream has been exhausted (for instance, by reaching the end of a file), you signal this to the consumer. During both of these steps, the consumer is able to signal error conditions; for instance, a stream consumer that parses a particular file format might return an error condition if the stream of data is malformed. If possible, the stream producer can try to recover from the error condition, but more often, the stream producer will simply pass the error back up to its caller.

int cork_stream_consumer_data(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, const void *buf, size_t size, bool is_first_chunk)

Send the next chunk of data into a stream consumer. You only have to ensure that buf is valid for the duration of this function call; the stream consumer is responsible for saving a copy of the data if it needs to be processed later. In particular, this means that it’s perfectly safe for buf to refer to a stack-allocated memory region.

int cork_stream_consumer_eof(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer)

Notify the stream consumer that the end of the stream has been reached. The stream consumer might perform some final validation and error detection at this point.

void cork_stream_consumer_free(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer)

Finalize and deallocate a stream consumer.

### Built-in stream producers¶

We provide several built-in stream producers:

int cork_consume_fd(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, int fd)
int cork_consume_file(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, FILE *fp)
int cork_consume_file_from_path(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, const char *path, int flags)

Read in a file, passing its contents into the given stream consumer. The _fd and _file variants consume a file that you’ve already opened; you are responsible for closing the file after its been consumed. The _file_from_path variant will open the file for you, using the standard open(2) function with the given flags. This variant will close the file before returning, regardless of whether the file was successfully consumed or not.

### File stream producer example¶

As an example, we could implement the cork_consume_file() stream producer as follows:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <libcork/core.h>
#include <libcork/helpers/errors.h>
#include <libcork/ds.h>

#define BUFFER_SIZE  65536

int
cork_consume_file(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, FILE *fp)
{
char  buf[BUFFER_SIZE];
bool  first = true;

first = false;
}

if (feof(fp)) {
return cork_stream_consumer_eof(consumer);
} else {
cork_system_error_set();
return -1;
}
}


Note that this stream producer does not take care of opening or closing the FILE object, nor does it take care of freeing the consumer. (Our actual implementation of cork_consume_file() also correctly handles EINTR errors, and so is a bit more complex. But this example still works as an illustration of how to pass data into a stream consumer.)

## Stream consumers¶

To consume data from a stream, you must create a type that implements the cork_stream_consumer interface.

struct cork_stream_consumer

An interface for consumer a stream of binary data. The producer of the stream will call the cork_stream_consumer_data() function repeatedly, once for each successive chunk of data in the stream. Once the stream has been exhausted, the producer will call cork_stream_consumer_eof() to signal the end of the stream.

int (*data)(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer, const void *buf, size_t size, bool is_first_chunk)

Process the next chunk of data in the stream. buf is only guaranteed to be valid for the duration of this function call. If you need to access the contents of the slice later, you must save it somewhere yourself.

If there is an error processing this chunk of data, you should return -1 and fill in the current error condition using cork_error_set().

int (*eof)(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer)

Handle the end of the stream. This allows you to defer any final validation or error detection until all of the data has been processed.

If there is an error detected at this point, you should return -1 and fill in the current error condition using cork_error_set().

void (*free)(struct cork_stream_consumer *consumer)

Free the consumer object.

### Built-in stream consumers¶

We provide several built-in stream consumers:

struct cork_stream_consumer *cork_fd_consumer_new(int fd)
struct cork_stream_consumer *cork_file_consumer_new(FILE *fp)
struct cork_stream_consumer *cork_file_from_path_consumer_new(const char *path, int flags)

Create a stream consumer that appends any data that it receives to a file. The _fd and _file variants append to a file that you’ve already opened; you are responsible for closing the file after the consumer has finished processing data. The _file_from_path variant will open the file for you, using the standard open(2) function with the given flags. This variant will close the file before returning, regardless of whether the stream consumer successfully processed the data or not.

### File stream consumer example¶

As an example, we could implement a stream consumer for the cork_file_consumer_new() function as follows:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <libcork/core.h>
#include <libcork/helpers/errors.h>
#include <libcork/ds.h>

struct cork_file_consumer {
/* cork_file_consumer implements the cork_stream_consumer interface */
struct cork_stream_consumer  parent;
/* the file to write the data into */
FILE  *fp;
};

static int
cork_file_consumer__data(struct cork_stream_consumer *vself,
const void *buf, size_t size, bool is_first)
{
struct file_consumer  *self =
cork_container_of(vself, struct cork_file_consumer, parent);
size_t  bytes_written = fwrite(buf, 1, size, self->fp);
/* If there was an error writing to the file, then signal this to
* the producer */
if (bytes_written == size) {
return 0;
} else {
cork_system_error_set();
return -1;
}
}

static int
cork_file_consumer__eof(struct cork_stream_consumer *vself)
{
/* We don't close the file, so there's nothing special to do at
* end-of-stream. */
return 0;
}

static void
cork_file_consumer__free(struct cork_stream_consumer *vself)
{
struct file_consumer  *self =
cork_container_of(vself, struct cork_file_consumer, parent);
free(self);
}

struct cork_stream_consumer *
cork_file_consumer_new(FILE *fp)
{
struct cork_file_consumer  *self = cork_new(struct cork_file_consumer);
self->parent.data = cork_file_consumer__data;
self->parent.eof = cork_file_consumer__eof;
self->parent.free = cork_file_consumer__free;
self->fp = fp;
return &self->parent;
}


Note that this stream consumer does not take care of opening or closing the FILE object.